The base, sometimes referred to arsenic "Gitmo," is located successful southeastern Cuba, connected the seashore of Guantánamo Bay.
The United States has been leasing the 45 quadrate miles that the basal sits connected since 1903. The basal shares a 17-mile fenced borderline with Cuba.
The lease tin lone beryllium terminated by communal agreement.
During the medication of President George W. Bush (2001-2009), the United States claimed that Guantánamo Bay detainees were not connected US ungraded and truthful not covered by the US Constitution, and that "enemy combatant" presumption meant they could beryllium denied immoderate ineligible protections.
There are 39 detainees astatine Guantánamo Bay.
More than 700 detainees person been held astatine Guantánamo since it opened. Peak colonisation was 684 detainees successful June 2003. According to Human Rights First, 500 detainees were transferred oregon released during the Bush Administration and 197 detainees were transferred oregon released during the Obama Administration.
The US Defense Department spent astir $445 cardinal to tally Guantánamo Bay successful 2015, down from $522.2 cardinal successful 2010.
1903 - The caller Republic of Cuba leases 45 quadrate miles of onshore successful Guantánamo Bay to the United States for operation of a naval station. Building connected the naval presumption begins that aforesaid year.
1934 - Cuba and the United States motion a perpetual lease that rents the 45 quadrate miles of Cuba to the United States for $4,085 a year.
1991 - Approximately 34,000 Haitian refugees are detained connected the basal aft they fly a coup successful Haiti.
1994-1995 - More than 55,000 Cubans and Haitians captured astatine oversea are kept astatine Guantánamo.
January 11, 2002 - The archetypal detainees from Afghanistan and Pakistan get astatine the impermanent installation of Camp X-Ray.
January 18, 2005 - The Supreme Court refuses to see whether the government's program for subject trials unfairly denies the detainees basal ineligible rights.
July 13, 2005 - A study presented to the Senate Armed Services details the interrogation of the suspected "20th hijacker" successful the 9/11 attacks, Mohamed al-Khatani. He was forced to deterioration a bra, creation with a antheral and bash canine tricks portion tied to a leash. Military investigators said that was not considered prohibited, inhumane treatment.
April 19, 2006 - Following a Freedom of Information Act suit by the Associated Press, the Pentagon releases the astir elaborate and extended database of detainees ever provided. It provides the names and nationalities of 558 detainees who've gone done a proceeding astatine Guantánamo Bay.
May 15, 2006 - The Defense Department releases another database of existent and erstwhile detainees to the AP. It says this database of 759 names includes everyone who has ever been held astatine Gitmo, since 2001. The database does not see the names of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed or Ramzi Bin al-Shibh.
June 10, 2006 - Three detainees, Ali Abdullah Ahmed, Mani al-Habardi al- Utaybi and Yassar Talal al-Zahrani are recovered dormant successful their cells by guards aft seemingly committing suicide.
June 29, 2006 - The Supreme Court powerfully limits the powerfulness of the US authorities to behaviour subject tribunals for suspected terrorists imprisoned astatine Guantánamo Bay. The 5-3 ruling efficaciously means officials volition either person to travel up with caller procedures to prosecute astatine slightest 10 "enemy combatants" awaiting trial, oregon merchandise them from subject custody.
September 6, 2006 - President Bush acknowledges that the CIA has held suspected terrorists successful concealed prisons overseas. He announces the transportation of 14 captured al Qaeda operatives, including Mohammed, Bin al-Shibh and Abu Zubaydah, to Gitmo.
January 9, 2007 - Australian Foreign Affairs Minister Alexander Downer says that helium expects Australian national David Hicks to beryllium charged "within a substance of weeks." Hicks has been detained without charges astatine Guantánamo Bay since January 12, 2002.
March 12, 2007 - Walid bin Attash, a detainee astatine Guantánamo Bay, admits to helping orchestrate the bombings of the US embassy successful Nairobi, Kenya, successful 1998 and the USS Cole successful Yemen successful 2000.
March 15, 2007 - During a subject hearing, a transcript of Mohammed confessing to being the mastermind of the 9/11 attacks is released.
May 30, 2007 - A Saudi detainee is recovered dormant from evident suicide.
June 5, 2008 - Alleged 9/11 conspirators Mohammed, Bin al-Shibh, Ali Abdul Aziz Ali, bin Attash and Mustafa Ahmed al-Hawsawi are arraigned.
July 21, 2008 - Salim Hamdan pleads not blameworthy astatine the opening of the archetypal warfare crimes proceedings astatine Guantánamo Bay. He's charged with transporting Osama Bin Laden and immoderate missiles successful transportation with violent activity.
August 6, 2008 - Hamdan is recovered blameworthy of 5 counts of worldly enactment to a panic organization. He is aboriginal sentenced to 5 years and six months successful prison.
January 20, 2009 - On his inauguration day, US President Barack Obama directs US Defense Secretary Robert Gates to inquire prosecutors to question stays for 120 days truthful coercion cases astatine Guantánamo tin beryllium reviewed.
January 22, 2009 - Obama signs an enforcement bid to adjacent Guantánamo Bay wrong a year.
November 13, 2009 - US Attorney General Eric Holder announces that 5 detainees, accused of complicity successful the September 11th attacks, volition beryllium transferred to New York to basal proceedings successful a civilian court. They are: Mohammed, Bin al-Shibh, bin Attash, Ali and Hawsawi. Five different detainees volition beryllium transferred to the United States and person their cases heard earlier subject commissions. They are: Omar Khadr, Mohammed Kamin, Ibrahim al Qosi, Noor Uthman Muhammed and Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri.
November 18, 2009 - Obama announces that the Guantánamo Bay detention halfway volition not beryllium closed by January 22, 2010, owed to difficulties successful relocating the prisoners.
December 15, 2009 - The Obama medication announces that betwixt 70-100 detainees volition beryllium moved to an empty situation successful Thomson, Illinois.
October 25, 2010 - Guantánamo Bay detainee Khadr pleads guilty to each charges against him. Khadr is sentenced to 40 years successful situation but volition service 8 years arsenic portion of his plea agreement.
April 4, 2011 - Holder announces that 5 detainees volition look a subject proceedings astatine Guantánamo Bay.
April 24, 2011 - Nearly 800 classified US subject documents obtained by WikiLeaks uncover details astir the alleged violent activities of al Qaeda operatives captured and housed astatine the detention center. Included are quality assessments of astir each 1 of the 779 individuals who person been held astatine Guantánamo since 2002, according to the Washington Post.
May 18, 2011 - A detainee identified arsenic Inayatullah (aka Hajji Nassim) commits termination successful his cell.
September 8, 2012 - A detainee is recovered dormant successful his cell. US Southern Command aboriginal identifies him arsenic Adnan Farhan Abdul Latif, 32, of Yemen.
March 25, 2013 - US subject spokesperson Robert Durand announces that 28 of the 166 prisoners detained astatine Guantánamo Bay are connected hunger strikes. Ten of the detainees are being force-fed, according to Durand.
April 13, 2013 - Detainees wielding "improvised weapons" clash with guards. Guards respond by firing "four less-than-lethal rounds," according to Joint Task Force Guantánamo.
April 22, 2013 - US spokesperson Lt. Col. Todd Breasseale says that 84 detainees are presently connected hunger strikes, much than fractional of the 166 radical being held.
May 16, 2013 - Army Lt. Col. Samuel House announces that 102 of the 166 detainees are connected hunger strikes, with 30 being fed by tubes. Three person been hospitalized.
May 23, 2013 - In a code astatine the National Defense University, Obama calls connected Congress to adjacent the detention halfway by saying, "Given my administration's relentless pursuit of al Qaeda's leadership, determination is nary justification beyond authorities for Congress to forestall america from closing a installation that should ne'er person been opened."
June 6, 2013 - US spokesperson Capt. Durand says that 103 detainees stay connected hunger strikes.
September 2013 - The Office of the Director of National Intelligence releases a report, saying that immoderate erstwhile detainees are returning to violent enactment aft being released. The survey says that of the 603 detainees who've been released, 100 of them person resumed warring against the United States.
February 2014 - Detainee Fawzi Odah files a suit relating to the upcoming completion of US combat operations successful Afghanistan. His lawyers reason that to clasp detainees aft the extremity of progressive hostilities is simply a usurpation of the Geneva Conventions.
May 22, 2014 - US District Judge Gladys Kessler lifts a impermanent restraining bid that had stopped the unit feeding of detainee Abu Wa'el Dhiab. Kessler rules that helium indispensable beryllium forcibly fed due to the fact that of the "very existent probability that Mr. Dhiab volition die."
May 31, 2014 - The United States transfers 5 detainees to Qatar successful speech for the merchandise of US Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl. They are: Khair Ulla Said Wali Khairkhwa, Mullah Mohammad Fazl, Mullah Norullah Nori, Abdul Haq Wasiq and Mohammad Nabi Omari.
August 21, 2014 - The US Government Accountability Office declares that the Defense Department broke national instrumentality by exchanging 5 Taliban detainees for Army Sgt. Bergdahl without giving Congress the due notice.
November 5, 2014 - Detainee Odah is released. He volition beryllium repatriated to Kuwait wherever helium volition stay successful custody for a year, successful a rehabilitation program.
December 7, 2014 - Six detainees are transferred to Uruguay, including Dhiab, who has been connected a hunger strike.
February 18, 2015 - A US subject appeals tribunal vacates the condemnation of David Hicks, an Australian who pleaded blameworthy to providing worldly enactment to terrorists. Hicks was the archetypal detainee astatine Guantánamo to beryllium convicted successful a subject commission.
October 30, 2015 - Shaker Aamer, the past British nonmigratory held astatine the situation camp, arrives location successful the UK aft his release.
December 1, 2015 - The Department of Defense reveals that a lawsuit of mistaken individuality has kept Mustafa Abd-al-Qawi Abd-al-Aziz al-Shamiri astatine Guantánamo Bay for much than 13 years. Shamiri is an admitted combatant associated with US-designated panic groups, but it was believed that helium was besides an al Qaeda facilitator and trainer. US officials present accidental that these activities were carried retired by different extremist with a akin name.
July 5, 2017 - The Toronto Star and different media outlets study that erstwhile detainee Khadr, a Canadian who spent 10 years astatine Guantanamo Bay aft warring US troops successful Afghanistan, is getting much than $10 cardinal Canadian dollars and an apology from the Canadian government. Khadr had sued the Canadian authorities for violating planetary instrumentality by allegedly not protecting its citizens and conspiring with his US captors, who helium says abused him.
May 2, 2018 - The Pentagon delivers its recommendations for caller policies regarding detainees captured connected the battlefield and the transportation of those individuals to Guantánamo Bay, a time aft the deadline acceptable by a January 30 enforcement bid signed by Trump.
May 2, 2018 - The DoD announces the transportation of Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed Haza al Darbi to Saudi Arabia. This marks the archetypal transportation of a detainee from Guantánamo Bay nether the Trump administration.
January 9, 2019 - Navy Captain John Nettleton is arrested and charged with obstruction of justice, concealment, falsifying records and making mendacious statements during an probe into the decease of Christopher Tur, a civilian idiosyncratic who drowned adjacent Guantánamo Bay successful 2015. Later, Nettleton is convicted of obstructing justice successful transportation to the decease of Tur.
April 29, 2019 - According to a property merchandise from the Department of Defense, US Navy Rear Admiral John Ring, commandant astatine Joint Task Force Guantánamo has been relieved of work "due to a nonaccomplishment of assurance successful his quality to command."
June 10, 2019 - The Supreme Court rejects a challenge to the indefinite detention of detainees suspected of panic activities who person yet to beryllium charged aft being held for astir 2 decades astatine the detention center.
February 12, 2021 - White House property caput Jen Psaki indicates during a property briefing that the Joe Biden medication intends to adjacent the Guantánamo Bay detention facility, which houses astir 40 prisoners, by the extremity of his term. "That's surely our extremity and our intention," she says.